Write An Essay On Open Source Software

The following policies apply: In nearly all cases, OSS is commercial software, so the policies regarding commercial software continue to apply to OSS. This misconception comes from a misinterpretation of Do D Instruction 8500.2, “Information Assurance (IA) Implementation”, Enclosure 4, control DCPD-1.

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A utility that comes compiled and has no warranty is not acceptable." Thus, a program must come with either source code or a warranty; if it has neither, then special dispensation is required, since it difficult to review, repair, or extend the program either directly or via someone else. Thus, as long as the software has at least one non-governmental use, software released (or offered for release) to the public is a commercial item for procurement purposes. Thus, OSS available to the public and used unchanged is normally COTS. This is particularly the case where future modifications by the U. government may be necessary, since OSS by definition permits modification. Do not mistakenly use the term "non-commercial software" as a synonym for "open source software". DFARS 252.227-7014 specifically defines "commercial computer software" in a way that includes nearly all OSS, and defines "noncommercial computer software” as software that does not qualify as "commercial computer software".

Open source software that has at least one non-governmental use, and has been or is available to the public, is commercial software. As noted above, in nearly all cases, open source software is considered "commercial software" by U. In addition, important open source software is typically supported by one or more commercial firms.

This page is an educational resource for government employees and government contractors to understand the policies and legal issues relating to the use of open source software (OSS) in the Department of Defense (Do D).

The information on this page does not constitute legal advice and any legal questions relating to specific situations should be referred to legal counsel.

"Open source software" is also called "Free software", "libre software", "Free/open source software (FOSS or F/OSS)", and "Free/Libre/Open Source Software (FLOSS)".

The term "Free software" predates the term "open source software", but the term "Free software" has been sometimes misinterpreted as meaning "no cost", which is not the intended meaning in this context.

This control is intended to limit the use of certain kinds of “binary or machine executable” software when “the Government does not have access to the original source code”.

As clarified in the 2009 Do D CIO Memorandum, this control does not prohibit the use of open source software, since with open source software the government does have access to the original source code.

References to specific products or organizations are for information only, and do not constitute an endorsement of the product/company.

A collaborative version of this document is published in Intellipedia-U at https:// The 16 October 2009 memorandum from the Do D CIO, "Clarifying Guidance Regarding Open Source Software (OSS)" defines OSS as "software for which the human-readable source code is available for use, study, re-use, modification, enhancement, and re-distribution by the users of that software".


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