It is a form of reasoning that concludes in an abductive argument of what is plausible or most possibly true. It is choosing the most likely or best hypothesis or explanation based upon the (most) relevant evidence.
Some people think that it is closer to inductive reasoning because it is not as sound logically as deducing an argument using pure logic as in deductive reasoning.
Critical Thinking Defined: the ability to think clearly, rationally, and with an open-mind.
Even more importantly, part of being able to think critically is having evidence to support one’s conclusions. If you’ve ever been around children, you know this is true.
Read more on abduction from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Reductive Reasoning– Reductive reasoning is a subset of argumentative reasoning which seeks to demonstrate that a statement is true by showing that a false or absurd result/circumstance follows from its denial.
Here, ‘inductive reasoning’ is used in a broad sense that includes all inferential processes that “expand knowledge in the face of uncertainty” (Holland et al.
Two kinds of logical reasoning can be distinguished in addition to formal deduction: induction and abduction.
In deductive inferences, what is inferred is But not all inferences are of this variety.
Consider, for instance, the inference of “John is rich” from “John lives in Chelsea” and “Most people living in Chelsea are rich.” Here, the truth of the first sentence is not guaranteed (but only made likely) by the joint truth of the second and third sentences.