Use a new number each time you include a new quote or paraphrase, even if you use only one or two sources.Notes are arranged in numerical order, either at the bottom of the page as footnotes or in a list at the end of your paper as endnotes. Reference Works – Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, Handbooks, Almanacs, Atlases, etc. 204)"Well-known reference works, such as major dictionaries and encyclopedias, should usually be cited only in notes.
This writing assignment must include at least the following parts: the title of your paper, your name, abstract, introduction, main contents, conclusion, and references.Thomas Paine, Rights of Man: Being an Answer to Mr. 192-193) Keep the initial article for newspapers published in other countries, e.g., Le Soleil de Québec, El Mundo.Burke's Attack on the French Revolution, Part 1, ed. Add the name of the city to the title if it is not a well-known newspaper like Wall Street Journal or Christian Science Monitor. Fitz Gerald, and The University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff. Use quotation marks if you use the exact words of the original source.You do not need quotation marks if you paraphrase (restate the idea in your own words), but you still need to cite the source.For Notes-Bibliography Style citations, place a superscript number at the ends of sentences containing borrowed information (15.3.1)): According to Fruchtman, Thomas Paine was hailed as a champion of individual liberties in England after the publication of Paine's pamphlet, Common Sense.Cite the source of the information in a corresponding numbered note that provides information about that source and relevant page numbers.If a note is for the same work, different page, place a comma after ibid. To format your bibliography, leave two spaces between the word "Bibliography" and the first entry. Items consulted online will require a URL (see 22.214.171.124); for undated items, include an access date (see 126.96.36.199). 178), list the volume number followed by a colon and the page numbers in the Note Form.Single-space the sources in your bibliography, leaving a blank line between each entry. For a work arranged by key terms such as a dictionary or encyclopedia, cite the item (not the volume or page number) preceded by s.v. For reference works in library subscription databases (188.8.131.52, p. If the database provides a URL for the source, use the one provided instead of the URL in your browser address bar. If there is no short or direct URL, substitute the name of the database for the URL. 187-191), Magazines (17.3, pp.191-192), & Newspapers (17.4, pp. For articles consulted online, include an access date and a URL.Examples in this guide show the Footnote/Endnote citation first, then the Bibliography example for each citation. Access dates are not needed for formally published electronic sources (14.12, CMOS, 17th ed.).References to sections and page numbers in A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers, 9th ed. (Note examples appear first and are numbered.) Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd, James Leloudis, Robert Korstad, Mary Murphy, Lu Ann Jones, and Christopher B. Like a Family: The Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World. You can usually omit an initial The in journal, magazine, and newspaper titles. "Cite magazines by date only, even if they are numbered by volume and issue.