Tsunami Research Papers

Tsunami Research Papers-86
Gaylord Miller, an expert on long period waves, worked on a tsunami propagation modeling program, the run-up of bores, and the relative spectra of tsunamis and tides.Tom Sokolowski worked on a quadripartite seismic array to supply additional data for the Tsunami Warning System.

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The tsunami research team at that time included professors, researchers and graduate students who were already working at HIG or other University of Hawaii departments.

Some of them had dual appointments and could only work on a part time basis.

Together with Fred Duennebier they worked on T-phase sources, their spectral variations, and their use in earthquake epicenter determinations.

Gus Furumoto worked on ionospheric recordings of Rayleigh waves and the seismicity of Hawaii.

He brought with him geophysicists, graduate students and the contracts he had with the Office of Naval Research (ONR) to continue his investigations of the MOHOLE project.

[HIG later evolved into HIGP, a branch of SOEST.] "MOHOLE", and in competition with the then Soviet Union, was the race to drill through the earth's crust to the mantle and determine its consistency and possibly determine the earth's and our solar system's evolution.Graduate students in Oceanography, Geology and Geophysics begun to participate in these surveys and study tsunamis as well.The 1964 Aleutian Earthquake and Tsunami intensified a program of tsunami research at HIG.There was a great deal of criticism in the press about the inconvenience and there was growing pressure to improve the existing U. Tsunami Warning System, administered by the Honolulu Observatory (now known as the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, or PTWC).In 1964, the construction of the Hawaii Institute of Geophysics (HIG) building was completed at the University of Hawaii campus in Manoa Valley. George Woollard arrived from the University of Wisconsin to assume the HIG Directorship.Charles Mader was with the Los Alamos Laboratory, but was an active participant in the U. The scope of the early research at JTRE in Hawaii - was as diversified as the background and expertise of the scientists in the program.For example, Harold Loomis published a number of papers on the hydrodynamics of long period waves, their normal modes of oscillation in confined bays and harbors, the effects of resonance on long wave amplification and on the spectral analysis of tsunami records.Finding the thinnest part of the earth's crust to drill the MOHOLE became one of the major research projects.The Geology, Oceanography and Geophysics Departments came under the umbrella of HIG at that time.Subsequent government reorganizations brought JTRE under the joint auspices of the University of Hawaii and the newly established U. Environmental Services Science Administration (ESSA) then, in the 1970’s, the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, ERL, NOAA (ESSA reorganized under this new name) provided funding through the University’s Research Corporation to support newly appointed scientists and additional graduate students.During the 1970s Gaylord Miller, George Curtis, Harold Loomis, and Lester Spielvogel continued to carry out tsunami research at the University of Hawaii with such support. There was no other significant tsunami research being carried out anywhere in the U. at the time, although scientists like George Carier at Harvard were primarily involved in theoretical studies of wave theory.


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