Ruin is the destination toward which all men rush, each pursuing his own best interest in a society that believes in the freedom of the commons.
The more herdsman who only consider their own herd and profit, the more the pasture is run down and the more all of the herds suffer.
As Hardin (1968) put it, “Freedom in a commons brings ruin to all."Current Examples The Tragedy of the Commons is relevant to many current issues. Many bodies of water including oceans, lakes, and rivers, are open to the publish for fishing.
Education can counteract the natural tendency to do the wrong thing, but the inexorable succession of generations requires that the basis for this knowledge be constantly refreshed.
In 1968 Hardin was able to articulate the following example, one that we face today.
This has led to many species of fish becoming endangered and many fisheries finding themselves in trouble.
Increased regulations and privatization of certain bodies of water has led to improvements in this area.
It was then popularized and extended by Garrett Hardin in his 1968 Science essay "The Tragedy of the Commons". However, the theory itself is as old as Aristotle who said: "That which is common to the greatest number has the least care bestowed upon it"." ( 1.
"Hardin explains his “Tragedy of the Commons in the following way. It is to be expected that each herdsman will try to keep as many cattle as possible on the commons.
Other problems that some people have connected to The Tragedy of the Commons are deforestation, overpopulation, depletion of gas and oil reservoirs, and harm to ground water.
Several solutions have been proposed to offset negative outcomes related to The Tragedy of the Commons.