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Many students felt forced or obligated to choose homework over developing other talents or skills."Our findings on the effects of homework challenge the traditional assumption that homework is inherently good," said Denise Pope, Ph D, a senior lecturer at the Stanford University School of Education, and a co-author of a study.A smaller New York University study published in 2015 noted similar findings.The researchers expressed concern that students at high-pressure high schools can get burned out before they even get to college.
They reported having little time for relaxing or creative activities.
More than two-thirds of students said they used alcohol and drugs, primarily marijuana, to cope with stress.
When it came to stress, more than 70 percent of students said they were “often or always stressed over schoolwork,” with 56 percent listing homework as a primary stressor.
Less than 1 percent of the students said homework was not a stressor.
The researchers also found that spending too much time on homework meant that students were not meeting their developmental needs or cultivating other critical life skills.
Students were more likely to forgo activities, stop seeing friends or family, and not participate in hobbies.Research suggests that when students are pushed to handle a workload that’s out of sync with their development level, it can lead to significant stress — for children and their parents.Both the National Education Association (NEA) and the National PTA (NPTA) support a standard of “10 minutes of homework per grade level” and setting a general limit on after-school studying.“The data shows that homework over this level is not only not beneficial to children’s grades or GPA, but there’s really a plethora of evidence that it’s detrimental to their attitude about school, their grades, their self-confidence, their social skills, and their quality of life,” Donaldson-Pressman told CNN.Kindergarteners received 25 minutes of homework per night, on average.For kids in first grade, that means 10 minutes a night, while high school seniors could get two hours of work per night.Experts say there may be real downsides for young kids who are pushed to do more homework than the “10 minutes per grade” standard.Experts continue to debate the benefits and drawbacks of homework.But according to an article published this year in Monitor on Psychology, there’s one thing they agree on: the quality of homework assignments matters.They also faced pressure to take college-level classes and excel in activities outside of school.Many students felt they were being asked to work as hard as adults, and noted that their workload seemed inappropriate for their development level.