The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated? The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense.The introduction to your methodology section should begin by restating the research problem and underlying assumptions underpinning your study.
The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated? The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense.
It demonstrates to the reader that you can provide a cogent rationale for the decisions you made to minimize the impact of any problems that arose. Institute of Public and International Affairs, University of Utah; Writing the Experimental Report: Methods, Results, and Discussion. A well designed quantitative research study can often be accomplished in very clear and direct ways, whereas, a similar study of a qualitative nature usually requires considerable time to analyze large volumes of data and a tremendous burden to create new paths for analysis where previously no path associated with your research problem had existed.
Just as the literature review section of your paper provides an overview of sources you have examined while researching a particular topic, the methodology section should cite any sources that informed your choice and application of a particular method [i.e., the choice of a survey should include any citations to the works you used to help construct the survey]. University of Wisconsin, Madison; Rudestam, Kjell Erik and Rae R. “The Method Chapter: Describing Your Research Plan.” In . There can be multiple meaning associated with the term "theories" and the term "methods" in social sciences research.
Because you are the primary instrument for generating the data, the process for collecting that data has a significantly greater impact on producing the findings.
Therefore, qualitative research requires a more detailed description of the methods used.: If your study involves interviews, observations, or other qualitative techniques involving human subjects, you may be required to obtain approval from your Institutional Review Board before beginning your research.
An exception to this rule is if you select an unconventional methodological approach; if this is the case, be sure to explain why this approach was chosen and how it enhances the overall process of discovery.