State Of Arkansas Commission On Law Enforcement Standards And Training Personal History Statement

State Of Arkansas Commission On Law Enforcement Standards And Training Personal History Statement-54
I am indebted to several officials who kindly consented to review and comment on the draft: Major Jack R.

I am indebted to several officials who kindly consented to review and comment on the draft: Major Jack R.

Time and opportunity being more abundant recently, I have been able to complete a long-felt desire by producing this monograph.

While conducting the research, I was struck by the scarcity of published materials focused on state police in general, and the WVSP in particular.

Although others contributed information, facts and opinions, I am solely responsible for the contents of this study. Cole PART I Chapter 1: The Climate of Post-War America Chapter 2: West Virginia - The Violent Heritage Chapter 3: Political Maneuvering Chapter 4: The Creative Act of 1919 Chapter 5: Getting Organized PART II Chapter 6: The Mine Wars, 1919-1929 Chapter 7: Depression and Recovery, 1929-1939 Chapter 8: War Service, 1939-1949 Chapter 9: The Drive for Traffic Safety, 1949-1959 Chapter 10: Professional Progress, 1959-1969 Chapter 11: Reorganization and Redirection, 1969-1979 Appendices Appendix A: Evolution of the State Police Concept Appendix B: Superintendents of the WVSP Appendix C: WVSP Organization Structure Appendix D: WVSP Field Organization Notes CHAPTER 1: THE CLIMATE OF POST-WAR AMERICA The Department of Public Safety (DPS)--more familiarly known as the West Virginia State Police (WVSP)--is the fourth oldest state police agency in the United States (see Appendix A).

It was established in 1919 by an act of the West Virginia Legislature.

Certainly the American tradition of frontier violence did not provide any soothing historical precedents.

State Of Arkansas Commission On Law Enforcement Standards And Training Personal History Statement

The impact of World War I was especially powerful because of the unprecedented mobilization of manpower and industrial resources required to successfully prosecute the war.

But many persons suffered injustice and injury before he was unhorsed.

A British journalist clearly summarized the national hysteria prevalent during this period: No one who was in the United States, as I chanced to be, in the autumn of 1919, will forget the feverish condition of the public at that time. Property was in an agony of fear, and the horrid name 'Radical' covered the most innocent departure from conventional thought with a suspicion of desperate purposes.(5) Suspicion, intolerance, racism, anti-Semitism, anti-Catholicism, and xenophobia were rampant in post-war America.

more hate literature, more nasty, sour, and angry groups promoting 'hundred percent Americanism' than at any earlier period of our history, or any later one prior to the 1950's."(7) A further serious threat to domestic tranquility followed from another, though more idealistic, product of World War I-- ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, the Prohibition experiment (January 1919).(8) As in our current battle against illicit drugs, Prohibition stimulated a profitable trade in illegal alcohol, and, thereby, also gave birth to the large scale organized criminal activities which plague us to this day.

The idealists behind Prohibition had completely overlooked the necessary corollary to make it successful--an effective enforcement machinery.

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