Social Stratification Essay

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As such, it involves a system of providing inequality among the groups and their members.

However, it is not a haphazard system of inequality; it is source of systematic and structured inequality, a hierarchy of social classes and their roles and statuses.

Also celebrities and aristocratic members have social prestige.

Economic standards put the individuals in different classes.

Income, occupation, education and hereditary status are some of the most common criteria for ranking in social hierarchy.

Wealthy families have not only money but also social prestige.—Lundberg(ii) Social stratification refers to arrangement of any social group or, society into a hierarchy of positions that are unequal with regard to power, property, social valuation and psychic gratification. Tumin(iii) Social Stratification is the process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a more or less an enduring hierarchy of status.—Ogburn and Nimkoff(iv) Social stratification is a horizontal division of society into ‘higher’ and ‘lower’ social status.That is why every study of social relations essential demands a study of social stratification.Naturally, all students of Sociology give a very important place to the study of social stratification. It is always greatly influenced by its social environment.However, the nature and basis of social stratification differs from society to society.For example, while in some societies, like the Indian society, the basis of stratification has been caste, in most of the Western societies it has been class.The nature of social stratification acts as a determinant of political behaviour and relations of the people.This makes it essential for every student of Political Sociology to study the meaning, nature and basis of Social Stratification.Throughout the history, societies have used some system of classification such as lords and serfs, rich and poor, landlords and landless, etc.In India, caste system is used to rank individuals and groups as high and low.


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