Smoking Research Paper

Smoking Research Paper-49
Breathing even a little tobacco smoke can be harmful (1-4).Of the more than 7,000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, at least 250 are known to be harmful, including hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide, and ammonia (1, 2, 5).

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Exposure to secondhand smoke also increases the risk of stroke by 20 to 30% (1).

Pregnant women exposed to secondhand smoke are at increased risk of having a baby with a small reduction in birth weight (1).

Smoking causes cancers of the lung, esophagus, larynx, mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, cervix, colon, and rectum, as well as acute myeloid leukemia (1–3).

Smoking also causes heart disease, stroke, aortic aneurysm (a balloon-like bulge in an artery in the chest), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), diabetes, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, age-related macular degeneration, and cataracts, and worsens asthma symptoms in adults.

But regardless of their age, smokers can substantially reduce their risk of disease, including cancer, by quitting. It increases the risk of heart disease by an estimated 25 to 30% (4).

Secondhand smoke (also called environmental tobacco smoke, involuntary smoking, and passive smoking) is the combination of “sidestream” smoke (the smoke given off by a burning tobacco product) and “mainstream” smoke (the smoke exhaled by a smoker) (4, 5, 10, 11). In the United States, exposure to secondhand smoke is estimated to cause about 34,000 deaths from heart disease each year (1).This paper aims to investigate the average daily consumption of cigarettes and its correlates, attitudes toward smoking, and suggestions for anti‐smoking measures in a sample of Chinese college student smokers.A sample of 150 college student cigarette smokers in Baoding, a city near Beijing, filled out a questionnaire asking about their average daily consumption of cigarettes, attitude toward smoking and their opinions on how they might control their smoking behavior.The amount of nicotine that gets into the body is determined by the way a person smokes a tobacco product and by the nicotine content and design of the product.Nicotine is absorbed into the bloodstream through the lining of the mouth and the lungs and travels to the brain in a matter of seconds.Smokers are at higher risk of developing pneumonia, tuberculosis, and other airway infections (1–3).In addition, smoking causes inflammation and impairs immune function (1).This paper adds to the few studies on Chinese college students' cigarette smoking practices and student smokers' attitudes toward cigarette smoking. It also reports for the first time possible effective anti‐smoking measures as suggested by the students themselves. (2012), "Cigarette smoking practice and attitudes, and proposed effective smoking cessation measures among college student smokers in China", Health Education, Vol. In total, 85.3 percent of the smoking students were males and 14.7 percent females, and males had started smoking earlier.However, and surprisingly, the average daily consumption among females was greater than among males (9.6 vs 5.6 cigarettes a day Findings in this paper underscore the importance of developing effective smoking cessation programs through gender‐specific approaches at post‐secondary educational institutions as well as coordinating anti‐smoking efforts at multiple levels of educational administration in China. https://doi.org/10.1108/09654281211237180 Download as .

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