Patterns of organisation (or patterns of text) refer to the way that a text is organised above sentence level.
Texts are made up of predictable patterns of structures, grammar and vocabulary.
There are two main types of signposting: introductions, conclusions and outlining main arguments/ the direction of the argument in paragraphs/opening phrases. This essay seeks to investigate/evaluate/illustrate/discuss the impact of ...
connecting words help guide the reader through the argument by linking ideas, sentences and paragraphs.
Mainly used in the introduction to indicate how you are going to address the assignment, the key themes you will cover and in which order.
They are also used to direct the reader throughout the assignment and to signal the conclusion.
Clearly, this essay has shown that the main factors which impact upon …
This essay has focussed on three factors affecting …
For example: a source or sources such as a literary text, current literature on your topic, historical evidence, statistical data etc.
You may also signpost how the essay will do these things.