The main theme of the Shakespeare play "King Lear" is blindness.
Shakespeare draws his spiritually blind theme through these three roles Blindness is the main reason for their bad judgment and leads them to make unfortunate decisions.
Huge suffering results from Lear’s inability to ‘see’ Cordelia’s integrity and ‘see through’ her sisters’ hypocrisy, and from Gloucester’s blindness to Edmund’s lies, as a result of which he instantly makes an outcast of his loving, loyal son, Edgar.
Yet Lear’s ‘blindness’ or lack of understanding/judgement is clear from the start.
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Blindness due to lack of insight can often define blindness of the eye as invisible to the eyes but according to Shakespeare blindness not only leads to physical injuries but also to some people It is also a mental deficit.
Throughout the text there are many references both to literal and metaphorical vision and blindness.
Nowhere is this more true than when it comes to fathers seeing (or rather not seeing) the true worth of their children.
This suffering leads to his understanding his grievous errors.
Gloucester admits to an old servant: It is dramatically and symbolically appropriate that Gloucester fails to recognise Edgar when he is in his ‘Poor Tom’ disguise.