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Desire is unsatisfiable, the essence of life is suffering, and the sole hope of redemption lies in ascetic negation of the will to live.
Although he never achieved the fame of such post-Kantian philosophers as Johann Gottlieb Fichte and G. He is also known as the first German philosopher to incorporate Eastern thought into his writings.
Schopenhauer’s thought is iconoclastic for a number of reasons.
What he writes of women is indeed insulting to most women but insult is not identical to error.
There are many behaviors and attributes of men that when written would be considered insulting but not necessarily in error.
In the history of ideas, the name Arthur Schopenhauer is indelibly linked with philosophical pessimism.
True enough, Schopenhauer’s vision of existence is unflinchingly tragic: “For the world is Hell, and men are on the one hand the tormented souls and on the other the devils in it.” And yet, his synthesis of western philosophy with Hindu and Buddhist metaphysics offers not only ethical guidance, but even solace and redemption.Nightmare metaphysics aside, there are misanthropic observations on psychology, religion, aesthetics and writing.Take this aperçu, as relevant in today’s book pages as it was in 19th-century Germany: “The art of not reading is a very important one. Schopenhauer argued that behind the world of appearances lies a unified reality which he calls “will”.The painful realm in which we fleetingly find ourselves alive is the ceaseless tumult of this blind and insatiable will.When German philosophers were entrenched in the universities and immersed in the theological concerns of the time, Schopenhauer was an atheist who stayed outside the academic profession.Schopenhauer’s lack of recognition during most of his lifetime may have been due to the iconoclasm of his thought, but it was probably also partly due to his irascible and stubborn temperament.My thoughts about Schopenhauers view of women are not inconsistent with my behavior as the caregiver to my wife for decades and more decades to come.Schopenhauers views are obviously dated and he is more than incorrect on some points but it is an honest and knowledgeable pessimism that prepares us for the vicissitudes of life. Schopenhauer is the recognized master of Pessimism.Spinoza and Hume were his competitors in the devastation of human optimism and the idea that it is not some glorious beneficence from the universe that we are born human.