Argumentative essay assignments generally call for extensive research of literature or previously published material.
Argumentative assignments may also require empirical research where the student collects data through interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments.
Although these genres have been criticized by some composition scholars, the Purdue OWL recognizes the wide spread use of these approaches and students’ need to understand and produce them.
: Some confusion may occur between the argumentative essay and the expository essay.
The structure of the argumentative essay is held together by the following.
In the first paragraph of an argument essay, students should set the context by reviewing the topic in a general way.Detailed research allows the student to learn about the topic and to understand different points of view regarding the topic so that she/he may choose a position and support it with the evidence collected during research.Regardless of the amount or type of research involved, argumentative essays must establish a clear thesis and follow sound reasoning.Develop three distinct, yet unified, body paragraphs to support the claims in your thesis.For example, if you're arguing that standardized tests don't accurately represent a student's academic strengths or problem-solving capabilities, one body paragraph might discuss the shortcomings of ACT and SAT tests, another might explain why some academic skills and abilities aren't represented by standardized tests and a third why some students struggle to perform well on timed tests, despite their knowledge and understanding of the material.Tucker has a BA and holds Ohio teaching credentials.Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.These two genres are similar, but the argumentative essay differs from the expository essay in the amount of pre-writing (invention) and research involved.The argumentative essay is commonly assigned as a capstone or final project in first year writing or advanced composition courses and involves lengthy, detailed research.Address counterarguments in the body of your essay -- always treating opposing viewpoints with courtesy and respect -- and explain how those arguments don't hold up.Create a compelling conclusion that brings your argument to a close.