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The manifest function of a rain dance, used as an example by Merton in his 1967 Social Theory and Social Structure, is to produce rain, and this outcome is intended and desired by people participating in the ritual.Functions Latent functions are those that are neither recognized nor intended.Politicians invariably seek power whatever be the form of government and they intend to wield that power with the government and party as well.
Development, mobility, media and information explosion, politicisation and adult franchise are further encouraging a sense of self-awareness among the people.
As class, political and ideological identities have not grown fast enough in India; religious identities have filled the vacuum.
Manifest functions are the consequences that people observe or expect.
It is explicitly stated and understood by the participants in the relevant action.
The function of religion in society, as it is generally (mis)understood, is that it provides answers to questions of our existence and how to conduct our lives in relationship to oneself as well as others.
Another function of religion is that it prepares oneself for the supposed life hereafter.While functions are intended or recognized (manifest), and may have a positive effect on society, dysfunctions are unintended or unrecognized (latent) and have a negative effect on society.Manifest dysfunctions are anticipated disruptions of social life.A latent function of a behavior is not explicitly stated, recognized, or intended by the people involved. In the example of rain ceremony, the latent function reinforces the group identity by providing a regular opportunity for the members of a group to meet and engage in a common activity.Dysfunctions Dysfunctions can also be manifest or latent.For example, a manifest dysfunction of a festival might include disruptions of transportation and excessive production of garbage.Latent dysfunctions are unintended and unanticipated disruptions of order and stability.Gandhi considered the ethical values imbuing every religion to be an important part of politics; that was what he meant when said that politics divorced from religion becomes debasing. It implied a belief in ordered moral government of the universe.In this sense, religion is much more than a matter between human beings and their maker; it is, apart from being a mode of worship, also a set of ideas and values.Manifest functions and dysfunctions are conscious and deliberate, the latent ones the unconscious and unintended.While functions are intended (manifest) or unintended (latent), and have a positive effect on society, dysfunctions are unintended or unrecognized (latent) and have a negative effect on society.