Schizophrenia takes an enormous toll on afflicted families.
Many people with schizophrenia have difficulty maintaining a job or living independently, though it is important to recognize that treatment, especially at the onset of symptoms, allows individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia to lead meaningful, productive lives.
The risk is highest for an identical twin of a person with schizophrenia.
This individual has about a 50 percent chance of developing the disorder.
Schizophrenia rarely occurs in children, but awareness of childhood-onset schizophrenia is increasing.
It can be difficult to diagnose schizophrenia in teens because the first signs of the illness can include withdrawal from friends, a drop in grades, sleep problems, and irritability—common adolescent behaviors.
The symptoms of schizophrenia are classified by the DSM-5 as positive and negative, each of which includes a suite of behaviors.
There may also be cognitive symptoms, which are harder to detect because functioning is already impaired.
Men present with more negative symptoms (see below) and become symptomatic at a younger age.
The peak age for onset in men is between ages 21 and 25.