A book citation can be distinguished from an article citation by the presence of 1) place of publication and 2) publisher.
Also, the publication date for a book is usually given as the year, rather than the month and year, as may be the case for an issue of a periodical.
Your instructor will expect consistency and may count any inconsistencies against you.
Here is a list of published guides to citation style, available in print from the WCSU libraries, for use in citing sources published in print and online.
For example, if you read an article by Brown (2017) and that author quotes the earlier work of Smith (2010), Brown is the secondary or indirect source (because it was written later) and Smith is considered the direct or original source (because it was written first).
To cite a source you found in another source, state the original author within your sentence and state "as cited in" followed by the last name and year of the secondary source.Copies in reference may not be checked out, but you may use them on the premises and make photocopies of the pages you need.Copy machines are available on the first floor of the Haas Library (near the Cyber Cafe) and on the third floor.For example: If you are paraphrasing or summarizing information from a source, you only have to cite the author’s last name and year of publication in your in-text citation.However, APA guidelines strongly encourage you to also provide the page number or paragraph number as well, even though it is not required.A citation for an article published in a periodical (newspaper, magazine, or scholarly journal) can be distinguished from a book citation by the presence of 1) the article title, 2) the journal title, 3) the volume number, and 4) inclusive page numbers.A citation for a work (essay, article, story, poem, etc.) published in a collected work or anthology can be distinguished from a book citation by the presence of 1) the article title in addition to the title of the book and 2) inclusive page numbers; and from a citation for a periodical article by the presence of 1) place of publication and 2) publisher. Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates. Retrieved October 13, 2001, from the presentation of a little-known fact or an idea found in another source as if it were one's own, a serious breach of academic integrity.Read the course syllabus carefully--if citation style is not specified in the syllabus, ask your instructor investing time and effort in the formatting of your notes and bibliography.If you are allowed to choose a citation style, then once you have made your decision, be sure to maintain the same style throughout the paper.The three most commonly used citation styles have been developed by the Modern Language Association (MLA) for use in the humanities, the American Psychological Association (APA) for use in the social sciences, and in This lack of uniformity can make life difficult for the student.If you are writing a research paper for a particular course, the professor may require that a specific citation style be used for the assignment.