Finally, many of the norms of research promote a variety of other important moral and social values, such as social responsibility, human rights, animal welfare, compliance with the law, and public health and safety.
Ethical lapses in research can significantly harm human and animal subjects, students, and the public.
See Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Research Ethics.
There are several reasons why it is important to adhere to ethical norms in research.
For example, a researcher who fabricates data in a clinical trial may harm or even kill patients, and a researcher who fails to abide by regulations and guidelines relating to radiation or biological safety may jeopardize his health and safety or the health and safety of staff and students.
iven the importance of ethics for the conduct of research, it should come as no surprise that many different professional associations, government agencies, and universities have adopted specific codes, rules, and policies relating to research ethics.An action may be legal but unethical or illegal but ethical.We can also use ethical concepts and principles to criticize, evaluate, propose, or interpret laws.hen most people think of ethics (or morals), they think of rules for distinguishing between right and wrong, such as the Golden Rule ("Do unto others as you would have them do unto you"), a code of professional conduct like the ("First of all, do no harm"), a religious creed like the Ten Commandments ("Thou Shalt not kill..."), or a wise aphorisms like the sayings of Confucius.This is the most common way of defining "ethics": norms for conduct that distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behavior.One plausible explanation of these disagreements is that all people recognize some common ethical norms but interpret, apply, and balance them in different ways in light of their own values and life experiences.For example, two people could agree that murder is wrong but disagree about the morality of abortion because they have different understandings of what it means to be a human being.Ethical norms are so ubiquitous that one might be tempted to regard them as simple commonsense.On the other hand, if morality were nothing more than commonsense, then why are there so many ethical disputes and issues in our society?Most people learn ethical norms at home, at school, in church, or in other social settings.Although most people acquire their sense of right and wrong during childhood, moral development occurs throughout life and human beings pass through different stages of growth as they mature.