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The intervention sample will be selected to include substantial representation of Hispanic/Latino, African American, and Asian American backgrounds. A theoretical framework is a collection of interrelated concepts, like a theory but not necessarily so well worked-out.In addition to improvement in child functioning, the study also showed a decrease in reported maternal stress, as well as other indicators of caregiver distress.³ The Massachusetts Child Trauma Project demonstrated that ARC was one of three utilized treatments that, as a group, demonstrated efficacy for a large sample of child-welfare involved children and families from pre- to post-treatment.
A theoretical framework guides your research, determining what things you will measure, and what statistical relationships you will look for.
Theoretical frameworks are obviously critical in deductive, theory-testing sorts of studies (see Kinds of Research for more information).
You believe that in overall, women applicants are more likely to get the job than men applicants, but that this varies by the number of women already in the department the person applied to.
Specifically, departments that already have a lot of women will favor female applicants, while departments with few women will favor male applicants.
Residential implementation supports its efficacy for problem reduction for youth in residential treatment.¹ In a sample of culturally diverse (high percentage Native American and Alaskan Native) child welfare-involved, multiply maltreated children ages 3-12 years, ARC treatment completers demonstrated a marked reduction in CBCL behavioral problems (from 85 In a study of 481 adopted children with histories of complex trauma, treated children showed improvement in both child and caregiver functioning.
After sixteen sessions of individual and 6 child- and caregiver-group based ARC treatment sessions, children showed reductions in internalizing, externalizing, posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety, and dissociative symptoms from pre-to post treatment.There are two reasons why theoretical frameworks are important here.First, no matter how little you think you know about a topic, and how unbiased you think you are, it is impossible for a human being not to have preconceived notions, even if they are of a very general nature.The framework tends to guide what you notice in an organization, and what you don't notice.In other words, you don't even notice things that don't fit your framework!In those kinds of studies, the theoretical framework must be very specific and well-thought out.Surprisingly, theoretical frameworks are also important in exploratory studies, where you really don't know much about what is going on, and are trying to learn more.Cases are objects whose behavior or characteristics we study. But they can also be groups, departments, organizations, etc. Variables are called what they are because it is assumed that the cases will vary in their scores on these attributes.They can also be more esoteric things like events (e.g., meetings), utterances, pairs of people, etc. For example, if the variable is age, we obviously recognize that people can be different ages.Variation in the dependent variable is what you are trying to explain.For example, if we do a study to determine why some people are more satisfied in their jobs than others, job satisfaction is the dependent variable.