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One author: List the author(s) of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter (no quotes, italics or underlines), then the name(s) of the editor(s) of the book or compilation, followed by "ed." or "eds.". Further information can be found by consulting Hansen (1991), Council of Biology Editors (1994), and Harnack & Kleppinger (2000), particularly their chapter on Using CBE Style to Cite and Document Sources. Then put the title of the book (in italics if possible), the publisher, the city, and the page numbers where the article can be found: List the author(s) of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter (no quotes, italics or underlines), then the title of the journal or magazine (in italics if possible), the volume number of the journal (do not use the publication date), and page numbers where the article can be found: One author: Give the author's last name and initials (if known) and the date of publication (or last modification). the specific web page), and then the title of the complete work or site (if applicable) in italics (if possible). This paper greatly expands upon a handout originally prepared by an unknown author for distribution to students in introductory earth science courses at Dartmouth College.
If your source of information has no individual identifiable author, use the name of the organization to which the work can be attributed in place of the author's name: As New England is located at the convergence of several distinct storm tracks ( we expect to find clear differences in isotopic composition among seasons and potentially among different rain storm events (Fig. Such a source would be omitted from your References Cited or Bibliography section.
Your list of References Cited should include all of the references you cited in your paper, and no more!
The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from Hansen (1991) and the Council of Biology Editors (1994).
Harnack & Kleppinger (2000) have adapted "CBE style" to cite and document online sources.
There are, however, other reasons for citing references in scientific research papers.
Citations to appropriate sources show that you've done your homework and are aware of the background and context into which your work fits, and they help lend validity to your arguments.
But you also need to cite sources from which you paraphrase or summarize facts or ideas -- whether you've put the fact or idea into your own words or not, you got the fact or idea from somebody else and you need to give them proper acknowledgement (even if an idea might be considered "common knowledge," but you didn't know it until you found it in a particular source).
Sources that need to be acknowledged are not limited to books and journal articles, but include internet sites, computer software, written and e-mail correspondence, even verbal conversations with other people (in person or by telephone).
Include any version or file numbers, enclosed in parentheses.
Most important, provide the full URL to the resource, including the protocol, host address, and the complete path or directories necessary to access the document. (best to use an electronic "copy" from the "location" box of your browser and "paste" into your word processor).