Reconstruction Policies Of Lincoln And Johnson

In 1866, Congress passed the Civil Rights Bill, which granted African Americans equal protection under the law, and also renewed the Freedmen's Bureau that same year.President Johnson vetoed both of these bills, but Congress overturned both vetoes.He blamed wealthy and powerful planters for the conflict.

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Johnson pursued this course at the urging of Secretary of War Edwin Stanton and Radical Republicans in the United States Congress.

Johnson, however, did not want to punish all Southerners for the Civil War.

Johnson's administration was contentious primarily because of his Reconstruction plans.

Upon assuming office, Johnson retained all of Lincoln's cabinet officials.

By pursuing a relatively lenient policy towards the seceded states and former Confederates, Lincoln tried to persuade reluctant Confederates to return to the United States.

Reconstruction Policies Of Lincoln And Johnson

He hoped to bring the Civil War to an early conclusion.

By December 1865, Johnson also had allowed 10 of the 11 seceded states back into the Union.

His only conditions were that the states adopt a constitution that repudiated secession, acknowledged the end of slavery, and repudiated any debts that the states had entered into during the Civil War.

Before a compromise between the President and the Congress could be reached, Lincoln died from an assassin's bullet on April 15, 1865, less than a week after the official end of the Civil War.

Andrew Johnson, the vice-president of the United States, took control of Reconstruction after Lincoln's death.


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