Professors Mullainathan and Bertrand examined the level of racial discrimination in the labor market by using a randomized field experiment.
Nearly 5,000 resumes were sent in response to over 1,300 newspaper ads for sales, administrative, and clerical jobs in Boston and Chicago.
Considerable racial inequality and discrimination is still pervasive in the U. Race-based employment discrimination may be a cause of these disparities.
Determining the prevalence of racial discrimination should shape policymakers' future decisions on affirmative action and equal employment laws.
For example, there is evidence that the returns to improving credentials for white applicants are much higher than for black applicants.
For resumes with white-sounding names, higher quality resumes received 30 percent more callbacks than low quality ones.For resumes with black-sounding names, the higher quality resumes did not receive significantly more callbacks.White individuals living in richer, more educated, or whiter neighborhoods also have higher callback rates, but black individuals do not benefit any more than white individuals from this neighborhood effect.The researchers found that anti-black racism in hiring is unchanged since at least 1989, while anti-Latino racism may have decreased modestly.They looked at two kinds of experiments: résumé and in-person audits.Two high- and two low-quality résumés were sent to each job opening.The responses of prospective employers were measured according to a given résumé's ability to elicit a call back or e-mail request for an interview.In the first, researchers send out résumés with similar levels of education, experience, and so on, but the names differ so some résumés have a stereotypically black or Latino name and the others have a stereotypically white name.In the second, applicants go in-person to apply for a job; they each share similar qualifications, but some are white while others are black or brown.Your access to the NCBI website at gov has been temporarily blocked due to a possible misuse/abuse situation involving your site.This is not an indication of a security issue such as a virus or attack.