The work is presented here without copyright, although acknowledgement is (of course) appreciated.It is important to properly and appropriately cite references in scientific research papers in order to acknowledge your sources and give credit where credit is due.
List all authors by last name and initials, separated by commas if there are more than two authors. Then put the year of publication, the title of the book (in italics if possible), the publisher, the city, and the number of pages in the book. A., 1999, A retrospective analysis on the occurrence of arsenic in ground-water resources of the United States and limitations in drinking-water-supply characterizations, Adapt these formats as necessary for other types of sources, including unpublished reports or manuscripts -- just be sure to include sufficient information that your readers could find or obtain these sources themselves, if need be.
One author: List the author(s) of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter (no quotes, italics or underlines), then the name(s) of the editor(s) of the book or compilation, followed by "ed." or "eds.". Further information can be found by consulting Hansen (1991), Council of Biology Editors (1994), and Harnack & Kleppinger (2000), particularly their chapter on Using CBE Style to Cite and Document Sources.
Harnack & Kleppinger (2000) have adapted "CBE style" to cite and document online sources.
You should acknowledge a source any time (and every time) you use a fact or an idea that you obtained from that source.
You may wish to include citations for sources that add relevant information to your own work, or that present alternate views.
The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from Hansen (1991) and the Council of Biology Editors (1994).
Reference lists are generally reverse-indented--this just helps the reader to find references to specific authors that much faster.
Follow the examples given below and you will be all set.
Furthermore, if you use figures, illustrations, or graphical material, either directly or in modified form, that you did not yourself create or design, you need to acknowledge the sources of those figures.
When you cite a reference in your text you should use one of the following three formats: (1) Mention the author by last name in the sentence and then give the year of the publication in parenthesis: You only need to include the page number in the citation if you are quoting directly, or if the source is very long and the specific fact or idea you are citing can only be found on a specific page.