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It’s confusing when an author changes tense in the middle of a scene.The fragmented break in continuity makes it hard to place actions in relation to each other.
(Psychology) The present perfect forms a connection between the past (previous research) and the present (your study).
So, you say what has been found and then how you will contribute to the field.
The present simple, past simple, and present perfect verb tenses account for approximately 80% of verb tense use in academic writing.
This handout will help you understand how to use these three verb tenses in your own academic writing.
Understanding how to use writing tenses is challenging.
Critical Essays On Phillis Wheatley - Present Writing Paper
How do you mix past, present and future tense without making the reader giddy?
The research often provides an example that supports a general statement or a finding in your research.
The present perfect is mostly used for referring to previous research in the field or to your own previous findings.
For example: This is wrong because the verbs do not consistently use the same tense, even though it is clear (from context) that Sarah’s run is a continuous action in a single scene. Le Guin offers excellent advice on mixing past and present in her writing manual, ‘It is highly probably that if you go back and forth between past and present tense, if you switch the tense of your narrative frequently and without some kind of signal (a line break, a dingbat,a new chapter) your reader will get all mixed up as to what happened before what and what’s happening after which and when we are, or were, at the moment.’In short, make sure there are clear breaks between entire sections set in different narrative references. Le Guin describes the downside of telling a story almost exclusively in present tense:‘It all rather sounds alike…it’s bland, predictable, risk-free. The wealth and complexity of our verb forms is part of the color of the language.
Using only one tense is like having a whole set of oil paints and using only pink.’Instead mix different tenses where appropriate, but signal changes between time settings: For example: That morning, she had run her usual route to the store.