Envisioned as an exhibition building and luxury apartment complex for the Guggenheim Foundation’s first museum - The Museum of Non-Objective Painting - in 1943, Wright’s remarkable artwork, located on the Upper East Side of Manhattan and overlooking Central Park, by its official opening in 1959 has developed into a permanent home to a renowned collection of Impressionist, Post-Impressionist, early Modern, and contemporary art, as well as into one of the architectural landmarks of the 20th century.
Post-modernism is a school of thought or a tendency in contemporary culture which rejects modernism.
It is characterized by the rejection of objective truth and global cultural narrative.
It emphasizes the role of language, power relations, and motivations.
This all comes hot on the heels of the revival of interest in Brutalism -- another previously much maligned style, which took hold between the 1950s and 70s.
Post Modern Architecture Critical Essays
Yet in many ways postmodernism was Brutalism's antithesis.Brutalism can be seen as modern architecture at its most radical: the idea that architecture might quite literally build a better world rendered into a stark aesthetic of bold abstract forms and raw concrete.The Balfron Tower in the Brutalist Brownfield Estate in London, England. We see it in the slew of books and articles about the movement, in the campaigns to save some of its greatest landmarks such as Philip Johnson's AT&T building in New York, in the listings in the UK of notable buildings such as James Stirling's No.1 Poultry, and John Outram's Isle of Dogs pumping station.Brutalism was popular between the 1950s and 70s, and is characterized by large forms and exposed concrete or brickwork.In 2016, the British transport minister, John Hayes, described such modernist as "aesthetically worthless." By the 1970s, however, modern architecture was under attack, with some commentators arguing that rather than bringing about a better future, the modernist design of many housing estates, for example, had actually exacerbated the problems it aimed to solve.Just look at the inner ring-road that encircles Birmingham's center, or the M8 that runs through the heart of Glasgow.In the mid-1970s, a similar scheme was remarkably proposed for London's Covent Garden, provoking such huge community resistance that eventually got it thrown out.While the neatness of this summary is alluring, on the ground the reality was rather more complex.Take Terry Farrell's TV-am building in Camden: the new studio for the the UK's first breakfast TV franchise is seen as one of the era-defining postmodern projects, reflecting the spirit of the 1980s.