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Since the turn of the 21st century, there has been increasing debate about whether transgender sportspersons should be able to participate in sport events that conform with their post-transition gender identity.Sportsmanship expresses an aspiration or ethos that the activity will be enjoyed for its own sake.These trends continued with the advent of mass media and global communication.
Whilst Sport Accord recognises a small number of mind sports, it is not open to admitting any further mind sports.
There has been an increase in the application of the term "sport" to a wider set of non-physical challenges such as video games, also called esports, especially due to the large scale of participation and organised competition, but these are not widely recognised by mainstream sports organisations.
The closest to an international agreement on a definition is provided by Sport Accord, which is the association for all the largest international sports federations (including association football, athletics, cycling, tennis, equestrian sports, and more), and is therefore the de facto representative of international sport.
Sport Accord uses the following criteria, determining that a sport should: They also recognise that sport can be primarily physical (such as rugby or athletics), primarily mind (such as chess or Go), predominantly motorised (such as Formula 1 or powerboating), primarily co-ordination (such as billiard sports), or primarily animal-supported (such as equestrian sport).
Sports have been increasingly organised and regulated from the time of the ancient Olympics up to the present century.
Industrialisation has brought increased leisure time, letting people attend and follow spectator sports and participate in athletic activities.
Sport is also a major source of entertainment for non-participants, with spectator sport drawing large crowds to sport venues, and reaching wider audiences through broadcasting. Kearney, a consultancy, the global sporting industry is worth up to 0 billion as of 2013.
Sport betting is in some cases severely regulated, and in some cases is central to the sport. The singular term "sport" is used in most English dialects to describe the overall concept (e.g.
For instance, the Council of Europe include all forms of physical exercise, including those competed just for fun.
In order to widen participation, and reduce the impact of losing on less able participants, there has been an introduction of non-competitive physical activity to traditionally competitive events such as school sports days, although moves like this are often controversial.