Nuclear Weapons Should Be Banned Essay

Through a General Assembly established working group in Geneva, tasked with “taking forward multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations,” support for such a treaty has grown significantly among the non-nuclear weapon states.During the discussions, elements and content of such a treaty were explored by many non-nuclear weapon states and the working group concluded in August 2016 with a recommendation to the General Assembly to commence negotiations of a treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons in 2017.Both in the scale of the devastation they cause, and in their uniquely persistent and hazardous radioactive fallout, they are unlike any other weapons.

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For example, prohibitions of biological and chemical weapons, landmines and cluster munitions have been essential steps in ongoing efforts toward eliminating these weapons.

Considering the evolution of international humanitarian law since nuclear weapons were first developed and the fact that by almost any definition the use of nuclear weapons would be incredibly destructive, inhumane and indiscriminate, it remains unacceptable that nuclear weapons are not yet prohibited.

The use of tens or hundreds of nuclear bombs would disrupt the Earth’s climate worldwide and cause widespread famine.

Nuclear weapons remain a serious threat to the entire world, but in particular to people in nuclear-armed countries.

While civil society organizations such as the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons have campaigned for a new treaty banning nuclear weapons — even without the participation of the nuclear-armed states — since the Oslo conference, the “Austrian Pledge” was a sign that government involvement in the humanitarian initiative had entered a new phase.

State actors were moving from simple fact-based discussions about the humanitarian consequences, to discussions about what political steps should be taken.

It has provided an outlet for the frustration that many feel regarding the very limited progress on global nuclear disarmament and the lack of political will among nuclear-armed states to make meaningful moves towards a world without nuclear weapons.

The chair of the 2014 Vienna conference best summarized the key conclusions from the three conferences on the humanitarian impacts of nuclear weapons: The Austrian government then issued a pledge to fill the legal gap for the prohibition and elimination of nuclear weapons.

The first conference was held in March 2013 in Oslo, Norway where 128 states participated; the second in Nayarit, Mexico, in February 2014 where 146 states participated; and the third in Vienna, Austria in December 2014 with 158 states participating.

All included the voices of relevant United Nations agencies, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, academia and non-governmental organizations.

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