As stated by JHarden, when defining his weakness as good, “the slave turned [his] natural condition of suffering at the hands of others into a condition which should be desired” (JHarden).As religions developed, and the slave morality became dominant, this ideal of good and evil prevailed and forced man to become conscious of his instincts as separate from himself, something he could control.
In Nietzsche’s account, the original free-roaming man lacked memory.
To be happy and to not hold on to the pain of unpleasant memories, man possessed an “active ability” to forget (36).
Before beginning the tour of this essay, it is necessary to establish something about the first section in relation to a remark in the book's Preface, Section 8.
There Nietzsche calls the Third Essay an example of what he means by “the art of interpretation (: she is a woman, all she ever loves is a warrior.” In recent years, however, John Wilcox, Maudemarie Clark, and Christopher Janaway have shown conclusively that the aphorism in question is actually Section 1.
With fear of punishment curtailing his behavior, man was no longer allowed the freedom to indulge his every instinct.
He turned his aggressive focus inward, became ashamed of his natural animal instincts, judged himself as inherently evil, and developed a bad conscience (46).
Friedrich Nietzsche’s “On the Genealogy of Morality” includes his theory on man’s development of “bad conscience.” Nietzsche believes that when transitioning from a free-roaming individual to a member of a community, man had to suppress his “will to power,” his natural “instinct of freedom”(59).
The governing community threatened its members with punishment for violation of its laws, its “morality of customs,” thereby creating a uniform and predictable man (36).
And even if he is correct, is there room to agree with him about this and yet disagree with the moral implications which Nietzsche himself draws from this claim?
On The Genealogy of Morals is made up of three essays, all of which question and critique the value of our moral judgments based on a genealogical method whereby Nietzsche examines the origins and meanings of our different moral concepts.