More narrowly defined, it is the fiction-writing mode in which the narrator communicates directly to the reader.
Oral storytelling is the earliest method for sharing narratives.
Owen Flanagan of Duke University, a leading consciousness researcher, writes, "Evidence strongly suggests that humans in all cultures come to cast their own identity in some sort of narrative form.
We are inveterate storytellers." Stories are of ancient origin, existing in ancient Egyptian, ancient Greek, Chinese and Indian cultures and their myths.
Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication, used as parables and examples to illustrate points.
Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment.Some theorists of narratology have attempted to isolate the quality or set of properties that distinguishes narrative from non-narrative writings: this is called narrativity.In India, archaeological evidences of presence of stories, are found at Indus valley civilization site Lothal.With the rise of the novel in the 18th century, the concept of the narrator (as opposed to "author") made the question of narrator a prominent one for literary theory.It has been proposed that perspective and interpretive knowledge are the essential characteristics, while focalization and structure are lateral characteristics of the narrator.As noted by Owen Flanagan, narrative may also refer to psychological processes in self-identity, memory and meaning-making.Semiotics begins with the individual building blocks of meaning called signs; and semantics, the way in which signs are combined into codes to transmit messages.This is first seen in Russian Formalism through Victor Shklovsky's analysis of the relationship between composition and style, and in the work of Vladimir Propp, who analysed the plots used in traditional folk-tales and identified 31 distinct functional components.This trend (or these trends) continued in the work of the Prague School and of French scholars such as Claude Lévi-Strauss and Roland Barthes.Most poems did not have a narrator distinct from the author.But novels, lending a number of voices to several characters in addition to narrator's, created a possibility of narrator's views differing significantly from the author's views.