Life In The Old South Before The Civil War

Life In The Old South Before The Civil War-12
Yet very few ended up in the British colonies and young American republic.By 1808, when the trans-Atlantic slave trade to the U. officially ended, only about 6 percent of African slaves landing in the New World had come to North America.Source: "1860 Free Population - Preliminary," Steven Ruggles and Matthew Sobek, Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 2.0 (Minneapolis: Historical Census Projects, University of Minnesota, 1997). In which region were free African Americans most likely to claim some property? What general conclusions might we draw from these data about free black life in the three regions of the United States? Based on this information, draw some conjectures about what life might have been like for free black Northerners. In which region did free African Americans own the most property relative to white Americans? Based on this information, draw some conjectures about what life might have been like for free black Northerners. The table is useful, but may not portray the complete picture.

What additional factors might a more detailed investigation consider?

Throughout history, slavery has existed where it has been economically worthwhile to those in power. Slaves accompanied Ponce de Leon to Florida in 1513, for instance.

TABLE 1 Population of the Original Thirteen Colonies, selected years by type Source: Historical Statistics of the U. Less than one-quarter of white Southerners held slaves, with half of these holding fewer than five and fewer than 1 percent owning more than one hundred. This work was relatively less grueling than the tasks on the sugar plantations of the West Indies and in the mines and fields of South America.

In 1860, the average number of slaves residing together was about ten. slave population increase nearly fourfold between 18, given the demise of the trans-Atlantic trade? Southern slaves worked in industry, did domestic work, and grew a variety of other food crops as well, mostly under less abusive conditions than their counterparts elsewhere.

Most of the original Northern colonies implemented a process of gradual emancipation in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, requiring the children of slave mothers to remain in servitude for a set period, typically 28 years. TABLE 2 Population of the South 1790-1860 by type Source: Historical Statistics of the U. Only in antebellum South Carolina and Mississippi did slaves outnumber free persons.

Other regions above the Mason-Dixon line ended slavery upon statehood early in the nineteenth century — Ohio in 1803 and Indiana in 1816, for instance. Most Southerners owned no slaves and most slaves lived in small groups rather than on large plantations. slaves planted and harvested first tobacco and then, after Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin in 1793, cotton.

It is suggested that, because Table 1 is larger, the class as a whole consider it before moving into three groups to analyze the smaller tables.

Source: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, "Historical, Demographic, Economic, and Social Data: The United States, 1790-1970" [Computer file] (Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, 1997). In what region of the country did free African Americans constitute the largest percentage of the total population? Where did enslaved African Americans constitute the largest percentage of the total population? What might account for the relative size of free black and slave populations in each area?

The first dark-skinned slaves in what was to become British North America arrived in Virginia — perhaps stopping first in Spanish lands — in 1619 aboard a Dutch vessel.

From 1500 to 1900, approximately 12 million Africans were forced from their homes to go westward, with about 10 million of them completing the journey.

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