) is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States.Since it was debuted by the College Board in 1926, its name and scoring have changed several times; originally called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, it was later called the Scholastic Assessment Test, then the SAT I: Reasoning Test, then the SAT Reasoning Test, then simply the SAT.The SAT has four sections: Reading, Writing and Language, Math (no calculator), and Math (calculator allowed).
A large independent validity study on the SAT's ability to predict college freshman GPA was performed by the University of California.
The results of this study found how well various predictor variables could explain the variance in college freshman GPA.
All questions are multiple-choice and based on reading passages.
Tables, graphs, and charts may accompany some passages, but no math is required to correctly answer the corresponding questions.
The College Board also states that use of the SAT in combination with high school grade point average (GPA) provides a better indicator of success in college than high school grades alone, as measured by college freshman GPA.
Various studies conducted over the lifetime of the SAT show a statistically significant increase in correlation of high school grades and college freshman grades when the SAT is factored in.
There are five passages (up to two of which may be a pair of smaller passages) on the Reading Test and 10-11 questions per passage or passage pair. founding document or a related text; one passage about economics, psychology, sociology, or another social science; and, two science passages.
SAT Reading passages draw from three main fields: history, social studies, and science. Answers to all of the questions are based only on the content stated in or implied by the passage or passage pair.
Historically, the SAT was more widely used by students living in coastal states and the ACT was more widely used by students in the Midwest and South; in recent years, however, an increasing number of students on the East and West coasts have been taking the ACT.
Since 2007, all four-year colleges and universities in the United States that require a test as part of an application for admission will accept either the SAT or ACT, and over 950 four-year colleges and universities do not require any standardized test scores at all for admission.