Human Behavior Research Papers

Human Behavior Research Papers-51
The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) published the research, which tapped big data tools to conduct text analyses of nearly 40,000 Twitter users, and to run online experiments to test the behavior of people who provided their Twitter handles. “Twitter is like a microscope for psychologists,” says co-author Phillip Wolff, an Emory associate professor of psychology.

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Another possible reason, he adds, is that prior studies explicitly asked individuals how far they thought into the future while the PNAS paper used the implicit measure of previous tweets.

While the relationship between future-sightedness and decision-making may seem obvious, the researchers note that previous findings on the subject have not been consistent.

“Much of our work was automated, so we were able to analyze millions of Tweets from thousands of individuals’ day-to-day lives.” The future-sightedness found in individuals’ tweets was short, usually just a few days, which differs from prior research suggesting future-sightedness on the order of years.

“One possible interpretation is that the difference is due to a feature of social media,” Wolff says.

Using social media and big-data analytical tools opens up a new paradigm in the way we study human behavior.” Co-author Robert Thorstad, an Emory Ph D candidate in the Wolff lab, came up with the idea for the research, worked on the design and analyses, and conducted the experiments.

“I'm fascinated by how peoples’ everyday behavior can give away a lot of information about their psychology,” Thorstad says.About eight million of their tweets were analyzed for future-sightedness.The researchers measured a state’s risk-taking behaviors at the population level using the proxy of publicly available statistics, such as seat-belt compliance rates, drunken driving rates and teen-aged pregnancy rates.Submission Deadlines: See upcoming deadlines The Russell Sage Foundation (RSF) is launching a new special initiative on Decision Making and Human Behavior in Context that will support innovative research on decision making across the social sciences that examines causes, consequences, processes, or context from a behavioral or alternative perspective.We seek to support a wide range of research on decision-making in context by scholars in psychology, political science, sociology, and other social science fields who are pursuing questions consistent with the aims of the Foundation.By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies.We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our services.In one experiment for the PNAS paper, Mechanical Turk participants answered a classic delay discounting question, such as: Would you prefer today or 0 in six months? Future orientation was measured by the tendency of participants to tweet about the future compared to the past.Future-sightedness was measured based on how often tweets referred to the future, and how far into the future.“We found that, while demographics are important, they couldn’t explain away the effects of future-thinking,” Wolff says.The estimated 21 percent of American adults who use Twitter tend to be younger and more technologically literate than the general population, Thorstad concedes.

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