The information and knowledge in the text needs to be evaluated, and the criteria that should be used can vary depending on your discipline.
This means that management, sociology, information technology, or literature may use different criteria.
Evaluating the authority, usefulness, and reliability of resources is a crucial step in developing a literature review that effectively covers pertinent research as well as demonstrates to the reader that you know what you're talking about.
The process of evaluating scholarly materials also enhances your general skills and ability to: The act of thinking critically about the validity and reliability of a research resource generally involves asking yourself a series of questions about the quality of both the item and the content of that item.
Inquiring about the Title of Journal Is this a scholarly or a popular journal?
This distinction is important because it indicates different levels of complexity in conveying ideas and the intended readership.Inquiring about the Edition or Revision Is this a first edition of this publication or not?Further editions usually indicate a source has been revised and updated to reflect changes in knowledge, to include prior omissions, and to better harmonize the contents with the intended needs of its readers.If so, locate these sources for more information on your topic. A key step in writing the literature review is working out what literature should be included.Primary sources are preferred over sources that another person had cited (secondary sources).If you do come across a useful secondary source, try to find the primary source it is referring to, so that you can read it first-hand.It is not always easy to separate fact from opinion. “Skeptics on the Internet: Teaching Students to Read Critically.” 98 (May, 2009): 54-59; Stanford History Education Group. Bias, whether done intentionally or not, occurs when a statement reflects a partiality, preference, or prejudice for or against an object, person, place, or idea. Facts can usually be verified; opinions, though they may be based on factual information, evolve from the interpretation of facts. “How Students Evaluate Information and Sources When Searching the World Wide Web for Information.” A report from the Stanford University Graduate School of Education found that students evaluating information that flows across social media channels or retrieved from online search engines like Google or Bing, have difficulty distinguishing advertisements from news articles or how to identity where the content came from. "Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning." Stanford, CA: Graduate School of Education, 2016; Writing from Sources: Evaluating Web Sources. Listed below are problems to look for when determining if the source is biased. Use the following resources to help you test and evaluate the literature you find.A critical review requires you to evaluate an academic text e.g. You are asked to make judgements, positive or negative, about the text using various criteria.