GNH directly addresses such global, national and individual challenges by pointing to the non-material roots of well- being and offering ways to balance and satisfy the dual needs of the human being within the limits of what nature can provide on a sustainable basis.
Gross National Happiness (also known by the acronym: GNH) is a philosophy that guides the government of Bhutan.
The term "Gross National Happiness" was coined in 1972 during an interview by a British journalist for the Financial Times at Bombay airport when the then king of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, said "Gross National Happiness is more important than Gross National Product." In 2011, The UN General Assembly passed Resolution "Happiness: towards a holistic approach to development" urging member nations to follow the example of Bhutan and measure happiness and well-being and calling happiness a "fundamental human goal." In 2012, Bhutan's Prime Minister Jigme Thinley and the Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon of the United Nations convened the High Level Meeting: Well-being and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm to encourage the spread of Bhutan's GNH philosophy.
At the High Level meeting, the first World Happiness Report was issued.
Today, it is inconceivable for modern society to function without the business of commerce, finance, industry or trade.
These very factors are altering human destiny by the day in extraordinary ways, both positive and negative.In doing so, we focus on the concept of happiness, trying to understand its role in the Bhutanese education system.Gross National Happiness, or GNH, is a holistic and sustainable approach to development, which balances material and non-material values with the conviction that humans want to search for happiness.As a public policy, GNH development framework is based on the four pillars: Within these pillars, poverty eradicating forms an overarching objective. The preamble contains a pledge to enhance the unity, happiness and wellbeing of the people of Bhutan for all time and Article 9.2 states: “ Bhutan’s development efforts are based on GNH and the pursuit of the four pillars.GNH and its four pillars are operationalized through the national development process.The nine domains of GNH are psychological well-being, health, time use, education, cultural diversity and resilience, good governance, community vitality, ecological diversity and resilience, and living standards.The domains work differently depending on the person's GDP.The Gross National Happiness Commission was formed as the nodal agency to coordinate all policy formulation, monitoring and implementation of development plans and policies.A GNH Policy Screening tool has been put in place since 2008 to screen all policies to ensure that they are GNH compatible.He replied that, for Bhutan, “ GNH simply propounds that development must be guided and lead to a higher vision of happiness.It is, therefore, the responsibility of governments to create the conditions for its people to pursue happiness.