From 1760 to the end of the Civil War in the United States, approximately 100 autobiographies of fugitive or former slaves appeared.
After slavery was abolished in the United States in 1865, at least 50 former slaves wrote or dictated book-length accounts of their lives.
Du Bois "It is a peculiar sensation, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one's self through the eyes of others, of measuring one's soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity.
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During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the WPA Federal Writers’ Project gathered oral personal histories from 2,500 former slaves, whose testimony eventually filled 40 volumes.
The first object which saluted my eyes when I arrived on the coast was the sea, and a slave ship, which was then riding at anchor, and waiting for its cargo.
When I recovered a little I found some black people about me.…I asked them if we were not to be eaten by those white men with horrible looks, red faces, and loose hair.
Documents discovered at the turn of the 21st century, which suggest that Olaudah Equiano may have been born in North America, have raised questions, still unresolved, about whether his accounts of Africa and the Middle Passage are based on memory, reading, or a combination of the two.abolition movement in the early 19th century came a demand for hard-hitting eyewitness accounts of the harsh realities of slavery in the United States.
After slavery was abolished in North America in 1865, at least fifty former slaves wrote or dictated book-length accounts of their lives.
During the Depression of the 1930s, the Federal Writers Project gathered oral personal histories from 2,500 former slaves, whose testimony eventually filled eighteen volumes.