Van Gelder`s article can be summarized as follows: People are not critical by nature.
Like ballet, critical thinking is a highly contrived activity.
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Critical thinking is something that is referred to as a higher-order skill by cognitive scientists.
That means that critical thinking is a complex activity that is built up out of other skills that can be acquired more easily, like linguistic competence and text comprehension.
Only on the last week do students even get wet in the pool.
If this were how swimming was taught to the uninitiated, the number of deaths by drowning would be much higher.
To play good tennis you must be able to run, hit a forehand and a backhand and watch your opponent.
But mastery of these separate skills is not sufficient.