27), though many journals have their own word limits; it is always a good idea to check journal-specific requirements before submitting.
The Writing Center's APA templates are great resources for visual examples of abstracts.
12 points used in the Selection Process During the abstract selection process the following 12 points are used as a guide.
We strongly recommend that you ensure your abstract satisfies these points.
An abstract is "a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of [an] article" (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010, p. This summary is intended to share the topic, argument, and conclusions of a research study or course paper, similar to the text on the back cover of a book.
When submitting your work for publication, an abstract is often the first piece of your writing a reviewer will encounter.High left ventricular cavity volume and mass index were independently associated with death after two years. The independent associations of the different echocardiographic abnormalities were: systolic dysfunction--older age and coronary artery disease; left ventricular dilatation--male gender, anemia, hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia; left ventricular hypertrophy--older age, female gender, wide arterial pulse pressure, low blood urea and hypoalbuminemia. Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.If the Abstract is poorly written or if it is boring then it will not encourage a potential reader to spend the time reading your work.Thus the first rule of Abstract writing is that it should engage the reader by telling him or her what your paper is about and why they should read it.Read on for more tips on making a good first impression with a successful abstract.An abstract is a single paragraph preceded by the heading "Abstract," centered and unbolded. Abstracts "typically range from 150-250 words" (APA, 2010, p.In this study a prospective cohort of 433 ESRD patients was followed from the start of ESRD therapy for a mean of 41 months. This paper provides a review of research into the relationships between psychological types, as measured by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), and managerial attributes, behaviors and effectiveness.Baseline clinical assessment and echocardiography were performed on all patients. The literature review includes an examination of the psychometric properties of the MBTI and the contributions and limitations of research on psychological types.