If, for example, your research was about finding the right proportions of two metals in an alloy and you tested ten different proportions, you do not have to list all the ten proportions: it is enough to say that the proportions varied from to .
As you can see from the above examples, the authors are moving toward presenting the specific topic of their research.
So now in the following part, you can bring in some statistics to show the importance of the topic or the seriousness of the problem.
It is then the job of the Introduction section to ensure that they start reading it and keep reading it, to pull them in and to show them around as it were, guiding them to the other parts of the paper (Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion).
Put simply, the Introduction should answer the question ‘Why:’ why you choose that topic for research; why it is important; why you adopted a particular method or approach; and so on.
You can do this by describing the research problem you considered or the research question you asked (in the main body of the paper, you will offer the solution to the problem or the answer to the question) and by briefly reviewing any other solutions or approaches that have been tried in the past.
Now that you have given the background and set the context, the last part of the Introduction should specify the objectives of the experiment or analysis of the study described in the paper.However, the 4-step approach described in this article should ease the task.A final tip: although the Introduction is the first section of the main text of your paper, you don’t have to write that section first.Another way to emphasize the importance of the research topic is to highlight the possible benefits from solving the problem or from finding an answer to the question: possible savings, greater production, longer-lasting devices, and so on. For example, instead of saying that X dollars are lost because of malaria every year, say that X dollars can be saved annually if malaria is prevented, or X millions litres of water can be saved by dispensing with irrigation, or X person-hours can be saved in the form of avoided illnesses because of improved air quality or reduced pollution.As mentioned earlier, a formal review of literature is out of place in the Introduction section of a research paper; however, it is appropriate to indicate any earlier relevant research and clarify how your research differs from those attempts.This concluding part of the Introduction should include specific details or the exact question(s) to be answered later in the paper.At the same time, the introductory statement should not be too broad: note that in the examples above, the Introduction did not begin by talking about agriculture, cancer, or batteries in general, but by mentioning organic matter in soil, the role of bacteria, and lithium ion batteries.This will help position your research topic within the broader field, making the work accessible to a broader audience, not just to specialists in your field.Papers rejected for “not showing the importance of the topic” or “lacking clear motivation” usually neglect this point.Although some tips will be more suited to papers in certain fields, the points are broadly applicable.In the first paragraph, briefly describe the broad research area and then narrow down to your particular focus.