The theory here is that if an adult has not properly progressed through all the child development stages, the therapist may identify the particular stage(s) that are missing.Transference If we go back to our own beginnings, we will see that all of us develop ways of relating to others based on experiences with those who cared for us in our formative years.It tries to unravel them, as once again, it is assumed that once you are aware of what is really going on in your mind the feelings will not be as painful.
The theory here is that if an adult has not properly progressed through all the child development stages, the therapist may identify the particular stage(s) that are missing.Transference If we go back to our own beginnings, we will see that all of us develop ways of relating to others based on experiences with those who cared for us in our formative years.Tags: Primary Homework Help RiversBill Gates Business PlanPomona College Supplement EssayArguments For And Against A Codified Constitution EssayPoetry Research Paper AssignmentDevelopment Business PlanEnglish Essay WritingResearch Methodology For DissertationHomework Software
More specifically, Freud suggested that frustrations occurring during infancy, particularly in the area of mother-infant bonding (Lewis & Feiring, 1989) and in connection with predictable stages of early development set the stage for latent psychological problems, many of which manifest themselves in the direction and nature of sexual urges……
Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy: A Practitioner's Guide. eview and Discussion Psychodynamic Theory Founded……
This essay will critique the efficacy of Psychodynamic and Cognitive-Behavioural counselling approaches, in particular as they apply to a specific case scenario.
Both approaches will be defined and explained, and a brief expose of their relative antecedents will clarify the respective locations of each in the broad spectrum of counselling theories.
A core principle in Freud's theories espoused that unpleasant or traumatic childhood experiences - if suppressed in the unconscious and denied by means of 'defence mechanisms' - could subsequently surface as inexplicable thoughts or behaviours in adult life (Geldard 1998: 12-13).
Corey (1991: 96-99) succinctly describes the three systems that make up the 'structure of personality' as the 'biological (id), psychological (ego), and social' (super-ego), and that 'ego defence mechanisms' whilst having the potential to warp reality, are normal processes operating on an unconscious level to protect the ego from being 'overwhelmed'.However, in most situations, particularly social ones, there is inter-action: exchange of opinion, agreement, argument, attraction, flirtation, aggression, repulsion, and so on.In this way, through interaction, our expectations and assumptions are either confirmed, contradicted or modified.If a child was always rewarded with sweets we may not know why we reach for the tub of ice cream whenever we are depressed and we want cheering up.Psychodynamic therapists are taught many theories of child development (Oral stage, anal stage, latency period etc).We all know that after meeting someone for the first time we make a decision as to whether we will see that person again.Sometimes, consciously or unconsciously, we decide that we do not want to take the relationship further; on other occasions we seek every opportunity to renew the acquaintance.Finally, it will be demonstrated that both the psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioural counselling theories, in the hands of trained, professional helpers, occupy important roles in the spectrum of counselling philosophies.An irrefutable element in contemporary psychological and counselling practices is the seminal work of Sigmund Freud, who originally conceptualised the notion of 'the unconscious' and its effect on human behaviour (Kovel 1987: 96-98).An example of one of these defences is called denial, which you may have already come across.Psychodynamic therapy assumes that these defences have gone wrong and are causing more harm than good, that is why you have needed to seek help.