Referencing and bibliographies are a major part of any well planned essay and should be constructed to reflect this in your planning.In Part 5 of our Beginner’s Guide to Acing HSC English, we’ll give you a step-by-step process for producing those strong essay responses you’ve been struggling to write.You will need to look at the key texts for the subject you are going to discuss and jot down references from each piece to use as quotes to support the points you make in your essay.
A good way of doing this is to look for key words in the question such as ‘compare, ‘contrast’, ‘analyse’, ‘discuss’ etc., as these words tell you the approach you need to take when constructing the essay and will help you to formulate your response to the question.
The next thing to do is to decide how to conduct your research.
It is a common error to believe that the conclusion is simply a ‘tagged on’ repetition of your introduction but, in fact, nothing could be further from the truth.
The conclusion should be a summation of your thinking in the essay plus a synthesis of your thoughts.
Your library should have a copy of the style guide available for you to consult.
It is very important to stick to this as varying from it will lose you marks.
In other words, it should leave the reader with a clear idea of what you have argued throughout, how well you believe you have accomplished it, and what possible future areas of study might be carried out.
At the planning stage, the conclusion might be constructed as a series of notes taken from each paragraph stating briefly what was achieved in each.
Remember that all referencing, in your in-text quotes and your reference list and/or bibliography, must be in the referencing style required by your school, college or university.
These are very different but employ two basic styles: You need to find out precisely which style is adopted by your academic institution and adhere to it strictly as the structure and formatting of the reference differs from type to type.