A person publicly changes their behavior to fit in with the group, while also agreeing with them privately. This is most likely to occur when the majority have greater knowledge, and members of the minority have little knowledge to challenge the majority position.
The results show that when in an ambiguous situation (such as the autokinetic effect), a person will look to others (who know more / better) for guidance (i.e. They want to do the right thing, but may lack the appropriate information. People from Western cultures (such as America and the UK) are more likely to be individualistic and don't want to be seen as being the same as everyone else.
This means that they value being independent and self sufficient (the individual is more important that the group), and as such are more likely to participate in non conformity.
Almost all changed their individual guesses to be closer to the group estimate.
However, perhaps the most famous conformity experiment was by Solomon Asch (1951) and his line judgment experiment.
Participants were then asked to estimate the number on their own again to find whether their initial estimates had altered based on the influence of the majority.
Jenness then interviewed the participants individually again, and asked if they would like to change their original estimates, or stay with the group's estimate.
Some people are resistant to the pressures of the group; naturally non-conformist, they value their independence and self-reliance over the approval of others. on July 23, 2019 in Jacob's Staff Quantum computing is at the leading-edge of innovation. The challenge of introducing change has inherent paradoxes for innovators. on August 15, 2019 in Culture Shrink Kazuo Ishiguro's 2005 novel is more prescient than ever in its observation of how a seemingly simple and civil society is a front for unspeakable horror.
At its best, conformity offers a sense of belonging and group identity, but it can also bring out one’s worst impulses, by pitting a person against his or her core values. By Grant Hilary Brenner MD, FAPA on June 20, 2019 in Experi Mentations Neuroscience research on radical Islamists provides important insights on sacred beliefs—as well as potential means to prevent violence.
In order to be truly accepted as a member of the group, we must adopt the group norms, or the unspoken set of rules that governs their behavior.
When we conform, we outwardly agree with the group consensus, though it may differ from our own personal views.