Here are some examples of literary devices you could be looking for: There are many more literary devices to choose from; see a longer list here.
I would suggest choosing one or two devices for most essays.
Despite what your grade-school teacher might have told you, poetry isn’t all hearts and flowers, especially not when you have to analyze a poem in an essay. When you are choosing a poem, ask yourself the following questions: If you answered “yes” to many of those questions, then the poem you have will likely work great for your analysis.
When you delve into the realm of poetry, you’re much more likely to stumble into madness and decay, especially if you are reading Edgar Allen Poe or Charles Bukowski! Before you can really start writing your analysis, you need to know what your instructor expects of you.
Resources such as can also help you get on the right track.
Business Planning Framework - Essay Poem Analysis
To complete your essay topic, you need to choose one or more literary elements the poem uses to point toward the theme you chose.In my example, I made sure to specify how the rhyme scheme was unusual rather than just leaving it at that. For more help building out a winning thesis statement, see Kibin’s thesis statement builder!Though writing your introduction and thesis statement is certainly half the battle, you need to win your audience over with your supporting body paragraphs.When you are searching for a theme in your poem, look for concepts or notions that seem to pop up several times.Think about the feeling the poem might be trying to convey. If you can’t think of a theme, you can either talk to your instructor about it or look online to see what scholars say about the themes in the poem.Essentially, a good thesis statement becomes a one-sentence outline of your paper.Here’s what my thesis statement for my “Desert Places” analysis might look like: This would be a great thesis statement for a short poetry analysis (1-2 pages).Note that you would not use the above summary in an essay.However, putting a poem in your own words can really help you understand the feeling of the poem and what the author is trying to convey.Make sure that you can relate them back to the theme you chose.If I were to write a poetic analysis of “Desert Places” specifically on the topic of loneliness and isolation, I would choose rhyme as one of my literary devices.