Essay On The Background Of The Civil War

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In such a way, the Thirteenth Amendment brought freedom to slaves nationwide and formally abolished slavery in the US.

At first glance, the major goal of the Civil War was achieved but the abolition of slavery alone was not enough to integrate former slaves into the US society and make them a part of the nation.

In such a way, they gained the support of slaves, who were eager to set themselves free.

The Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln in 1863 guaranteed the liberation of all slaves in rebellious states.

In response to the urgent need of changing the legal and socioeconomic status of former slaves, the US Congress implemented the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the US Constitution in 18 respectively (Epperson 188).

These amendments formally guaranteed African Americans with equal rights and liberties compared to white Americans and eliminated the existing semi-slavery which persisted shortly after the Civil War, when slaves were freed but had not got equal rights and liberties and their legal status was uncertain.Nevertheless, the liberation of African Americans still resulted in the tightening competition in the labor market, especially in the South which suffered from considerable economic losses.In fact, the Civil War had disastrous effects which had affected the development of Southern states of the US for a long time (Epperson 211).In such a situation, the abolition of slavery would undermine the Southern economy Furthermore, the growing disparity between industrialized North and Agricultural South misbalanced the power of Northern and Southern states.Slavery prevented South from radical changes and rapid industrialization, while the North needed resources available on the South and wanted to export capital to continue the industrialization of the nation.In addition, the Northern army recruited African Americans, who joined Northerners in their struggle against Southern states.Eventually, the South had proved to be unable to restrain the assaults of the North and the war ended up in 1865 after four consecutive years of struggle and battles (Watson 125).At this point, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that slavery and policies conducted by the North in relation to slavery had had a considerable impact on the development and outcome of the war.The attempts to abolish slavery triggered the outbreak of the Civil War.During the War, Northern states undermined the economic situation in the South encouraging slaves to rebel against their masters in the South and join the Northern army which they perceived as the liberation army.In such a way, Northern states destabilized the situation in Southern states, undermined their economy and used slaves and their liberation as an important part of their strategy that led them to the overall success in the war.


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