The first pillar, the shahadah, consists of two declarations.The first, “There is no god but God,” affirms belief in a single divine reality (tawhid).The entire cycle of prayer (rakah) is then repeated.
These five prescribed prayers contain verses from the Qur'an, and are said in Arabic, the language of the Revelation. An individual may also give as much as he or she pleases as sadaqa-h, and does so preferably in secret.
Personal supplications, however, can be offered in one's own language and at any time. Although this word can be translated as "voluntary charity" it has a wider meaning.
Pilgrims wear special clothes: simple garments that strip away distinctions of class and culture, so that all stand equal before God.
The rites of the hajj, which are of Abrahamic origin, include going around the Ka'bah seven times, and going seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwa as did Hagar (Hajir, Abraham's wife) during her search for water.
A translation of the Adan or Call to Prayer is: God is Great. " The Prophet said: "He should help the poor and needy." The Companions further asked: "What if he cannot do even that?
" The Prophet said: "He should urge others to do good." The Companions said: "What if he lacks that also?
" The Prophet said: "He should check himself from doing evil.
That is also an act of charity." Every year in the month of Ramada-n, all Muslims fast from dawn until sundown--abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations with their spouses.
Although it is preferable to worship together in a mosque, a Muslim may pray almost anywhere, such as in fields, offices, factories and universities. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except God. The Prophet said, "Even meeting your brother with a cheerful face is an act of charity." The Prophet also said: "Charity is a necessity for every Muslim." He was asked: "What if a person has nothing?
Oftentimes visitors to the Muslim world are struck by the centrality of prayers in daily life. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except God. " The Prophet replied: "He should work with his own hands for his benefit and then give something out of such earnings in charity." The Companions of the Prophet asked: "What if he is not able to work?