Essay On Michelangelo Buonarroti

Essay On Michelangelo Buonarroti-18
…In order to be entirely perfect, innumerable times he made anatomical studies, dissecting men’s bodies in order to see the principles of their construction and the concatenation of the bones, muscles, veins, and nerves, the various movements and all the postures of the human body; and not of men only, but also of animals, and particularly of horses, which last he much delighted to keep.(Vasari, Part 11: Summary of Michelangelo’s last years).

…In order to be entirely perfect, innumerable times he made anatomical studies, dissecting men’s bodies in order to see the principles of their construction and the concatenation of the bones, muscles, veins, and nerves, the various movements and all the postures of the human body; and not of men only, but also of animals, and particularly of horses, which last he much delighted to keep.

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Colombo had published in 1559, was printed without Michelangelo’s illustrations, possibly because Michelangelo is known to have destroyed many of his drawings and curiously doubted his own abilities.

His plans for the treatise were recorded by Vasari, and by Condivi, who tells us: …He gave up dissection because it turned his stomach so that he could neither eat nor drink with benefit.

So detailed was his knowledge of the human form and movement that later in life he decided to write an anatomical treatise.

He sought advice from his close medical friend Realdo Colombo (1516–1559), a surgeon, anatomist, and devotee of Vesalius.

He became part of the Florentine center of humanism at the Court of Lorenzo de’ Medici.

There he may have met Giovanni Francesco Rustici (1474–1554), a Florentine nobleman, painter, and sculptor taught by Leonardo da Vinci.How he acquired his anatomical expertise is the focus of this paper.Born in Caprese in 1475, he considered himself a Florentine, though he lived most of his life in Rome, where he died aged eighty-eight.Through dissection Michelangelo studied every known animal, and did so many human dissections that it outnumbers that of those who are professional in that field.This is a considerable influence that shows in his mastery in anatomy that is not matched by other painters.When thirteen years old he trained first as a painter with Domenico Ghirlandaio, then with the sculptor Bertoldo di Giovannunder.Domenico commended him to Lorenzo de’ Medici, the ruler of Florence..This he did to please the Prior, who had given him a room wherein he dissected many dead bodies, zealously studying anatomy.Michelangelo’s thirst for anatomical knowledge led to selective permission from the Catholic Church to study cadavers.Michelangelo continually examined dissections and communicated with medical men and their writings.Michelangelo made anatomical studies of the bodies obtained from the Santa Maria del Santo Spirito convent’s hospital.

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