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The concept of the stages was first laid out in a work called “Identity and the Life Cycle" that Erikson originally published as a collection of essays in 1959.
However, Erikson’s beliefs on childhood diverged greatly from other Freudian psychoanalysts of his day in that it placed more emphasis on adolescence and young adulthood than on early childhood.
According to Erikson failure to pass through any stage successfully in the psychosocial stage theory does not stop individuals entering into further stages.
Overcoming these past failings can be achieved in future crisis resolution, according to Erikson.
His mother never revealed to Erik the identity of his biological father, and Erik was given the surname of his stepfather: Homburger.
Despite the feeling of abandonment at not knowing his real father, Erik received a classical education from a proper German gymnasium, and had a happy childhood.