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We all use argumentation on a daily basis, and you probably already have some skill at crafting an argument.The more you improve your skills in this area, the better you will be at thinking critically, reasoning, making choices, and weighing evidence. In academic writing, an argument is usually a main idea, often called a “claim” or “thesis statement,” backed up with evidence that supports the idea.
Medical practices have now changed because some people began to doubt the effectiveness of bloodletting; these people argued against it and provided convincing evidence.
Human knowledge grows out of such differences of opinion, and scholars like your instructors spend their lives engaged in debate over what claims may be counted as accurate in their fields.
It is time to stake out a position and prove why it is a good position for a thinking person to hold. Claims can be as simple as “Protons are positively charged and electrons are negatively charged,” with evidence such as, “In this experiment, protons and electrons acted in such and such a way.” Claims can also be as complex as “The end of the South African system of apartheid was inevitable,” using reasoning and evidence such as, “Every successful revolution in the modern era has come about after the government in power has given and then removed small concessions to the uprising group.” In either case, the rest of your paper will detail the reasoning and evidence that have led you to believe that your position is best.
When beginning to write a paper, ask yourself, “What is my point?
Some people feel that in a situation where the prospective parents are told their unborn child may be disabled, an abortion is acceptable.
The situation mostly frowned upon is abortion for social reasons e.g.
Careless pregnancies should not happen, as people should take more care, and use contraceptives.
If what God says is right, and what he does sets a precedent, then why does he kill?
In fact, making an argument—expressing a point of view on a subject and supporting it with evidence—is often the aim of academic writing.
Your instructors may assume that you know this and thus may not explain the importance of arguments in class.