Employee Motivation Theories Essay

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Employees actually set upper limits on each person's daily output.

These actions stand “in direct opposition to the ideas underlying their system of financial incentive, which countenanced no upper limit to performance other than physical capacity.” Therefore, as opposed to the rational system that depends on economic rewards and punishments, the natural system of management assumes that humans are also motivated by non-economic factors.

Accordingly, the natural management system assumes that employees prefer autonomy and responsibility on the job and dislike arbitrary rules and overwhelming supervision.

An individual's motivation to complete a task is increased when this task is autonomous.

Physiological needs are the lowest and most important level.

Alchemy Research Paper - Employee Motivation Theories Essay

These fundamental requirements include food, rest, shelter, and exercise.Dopamine is further implicated in motivation as administration of amphetamine increased the break point in a progressive ratio self-reinforcement schedule.That is, subjects were willing to go to greater lengths (e.g. Motivation can be conceived of as a cycle in which thoughts influence behaviours, drive performance affects thoughts, and the cycle begins again.After physiological needs are satisfied, employees can focus on safety needs, which include “protection against danger, threat, deprivation.” However, if management makes arbitrary or biased employment decisions, then an employee's safety needs are unfulfilled.The next set of needs is social, which refers to the desire for acceptance, affiliation, reciprocal friendships and love.Activated "seeking" behaviour, such as loco-motor activity, is influenced by dopaminergic drugs, and microdialysis experiments reveal that dopamine is released during the anticipation of a reward.The "wanting behaviour" associated with a rewarding stimulus can be increased by microinjections of dopamine and dopaminergic drugs in the dorsorostral nucleus accumbens and posterior ventral palladum.As such, the natural system of management assumes that close-knit work teams are productive.Accordingly, if an employee's social needs are unmet, then he will act disobediently.Employees seek autonomy and responsibility in their work, contrary to assumptions of the rational theory of management.Because supervisors have direct authority over employees, they must ensure that the employee's actions are in line with the standards of efficient conduct.

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