Electoral College Essay

Electoral College Essay-37
The creation of the office of Vice President appears to have been directly related to the mode of choosing the President.The Constitution gives to the Vice President only two specific constitutional responsibilities: he is President of the Senate, and he receives and opens the electoral votes.Because each state had one vote, regardless of population, the procedure gave proportionately more influence to the smaller states.

The creation of the office of Vice President appears to have been directly related to the mode of choosing the President.The Constitution gives to the Vice President only two specific constitutional responsibilities: he is President of the Senate, and he receives and opens the electoral votes.Because each state had one vote, regardless of population, the procedure gave proportionately more influence to the smaller states.

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The tellers "ascertained the votes." By 1797, Vice President Adams only opened and delivered the certificates and reports of the electors to the tellers who counted the votes. The issue of who counts the votes was particularly sensitive in 1876, during the contested election between Rutherford B. There were disputes in South Carolina, Louisiana, Florida, and Oregon about which electors had been appointed. Ferry, was a Republican; the Democratic Party controlled the House and the Republicans controlled the Senate.

The Congress invented a novel solution to the problem of who would count the votes by creating an electoral commission, composed of five Senators, five Representatives, and five Supreme Court Justices, to determine the results.

The House ultimately voted in favor of Jefferson, but only after thirty-six ballots.

Hence, the Twelfth Amendment, ratified in 1804, also changed this method of choosing the Vice President.

Meeting in their home states, electors would find it difficult to collude or buy and sell votes.

A more difficult problem was how to structure the voting within the Electoral College.

But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice.

In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President.

The contingency election process also reassured delegates who had favored congressional election of the President in the first instance.

The Twelfth Amendment modified these provisions, following a crisis in 1800, when Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr each received an equal number of electoral votes.

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