Critical thinking significantly expands educational and professional opportunities, as the ability to analyze, reason, and solve problem situations develops a person’s efficiency.
It is impossible to become a professional without the ability to competently work with information, analyze information flows, highlight the main element, draw conclusions, and give your own assessment.
For example, you can be assigned to critically evaluate a certain novel.
That means that your aim is not to simply say that the novel is good or bad.
This means that management, sociology, information technology, or literature may use different criteria.
All critical reviews, however, involve two main tasks: summary and evaluation.The psychologist and pedagogue Diane Halpern defines critical thinking as “the use of cognitive techniques and strategies that increase the possibility of obtaining the desired result.” Critical thinking is the ability of a person to objectively assess personal thoughts as well as thoughts of others, and thoroughly and comprehensively check all the positions and conclusions.A person with a critical mindset never regards his or her own statements and judgments as absolutely true.These points should be summative and text-based, not judgemental unless combined with the critique. Read related texts, note differences or similarities and explain these.5.Be careful not to give too much detail, especially in a short review. Outline critical review, matching points of description with evaluation criteria.6. 103.*A general overview of the topic or question(s) of the text, including the importance of the topic or question.Avoid the temptation to summarize the novel, as it will be a great mistake.The aim of a critical essay is not about summarizing; you need to discuss the ideas of the story.Then, if they are different, explain which argument you find more convincing and why. Like Mintzberg, Kotter concludes that the jobs of a manager and a leader are not filled with neatly segmented tasks such as planning or organising.(From Gibson 1999)Critical reviews don’t always need a conclusion so you must decide whether to include one or not.If you think a conclusion is necessary you should summarise your arguments on your overall view of the text. When evaluating the text you could answer some of the following questions:*Is the question the text tries to answer relevant, interesting, new, useful? Summary / description of original (may be integrated or separate). Kotter examines the difference between leadership and management across three major sets of tasks: setting direction versus planning and budgeting; aligning people versus organisation and staffing; and motivating versus controlling and problem solving.(Adapted from Coyle 2000)2. [You should explain why in more detail](From Coyle 2000)You may not always feel you are able to judge whether the argument in a text is correct or not.It may be useful to explain first how the arguments given in the text are the same, or different from arguments given in other texts on the same topic.